Ulwazi lweMveliso

Umenzi woTshintsho oluzenzekelayo (ATS)
Injongo ye-TRONKI kukuphucula ubomi babantu kunye nomgangatho wokusingqongileyo ngokusebenzisa iteknoloji yolawulo lonikezelo lwamandla kunye neenkonzo.
Umbono wenkampani yethu kukubonelela ngeemveliso ezikhuphisanayo kunye neenkonzo kumacandelo e-automation yasekhaya, i-automation yemizi-mveliso, kunye nolawulo lwamandla.

Isebenza njani i-Automatic Transfer switch (ATS)?
Utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo (ATS) sisixhobo esizenzelayo, esikrelekrele sokutshintsha amandla esilawulwa yingqiqo yolawulo oluzinikeleyo.Umsebenzi oyintloko we-ATS kukuqinisekisa ukuba amandla ombane ahanjiswa ngokuqhubekayo ukusuka komnye wemithombo emibini yamandla ukuya kwisiphaluka somthwalo odibeneyo (izixhobo zombane ezifana nezibane, iimoto, iikhomputha, njalo njalo).
Ingqiqo yokulawula, eyaziwa ngokuba sisilawuli esizenzekelayo, ngokuqhelekileyo i-microprocessor-based kwaye ilandelela ngokuqhubekayo iiparamitha zombane (i-voltage, i-frequency) yemithombo yamandla ephambili kunye ne-backup.I-ATS iya kudlula ngokuzenzekelayo (itshintshe) isiphaluka somthwalo komnye umthombo wamandla (ukuba ikhona) ukuba umthombo wamandla odibeneyo uyasilela.Utshintshiselwano oluninzi oluzenzekelayo, ngokungagqibekanga, lufuna uqhagamshelo kumthombo wamandla ongundoqo (uncedo).Bangakwazi ukudibanisa kuphela umthombo wamandla ogciniweyo (i-injini-generator, i-backup utility) xa kuyimfuneko (ukusilela komthombo wokuqala) okanye kuceliwe (umyalelo womqhubi).

I-Insulation Isolation Type Dual Power ATS Automatic Transfer Switch

Ukutshintshela ngokuzenzekelayo (ATS) uMgaqo wokuSebenza
I-ATS inokulawula xa ijenereyitha yokugcina ixhomekeke kumbane ngaphakathi kobonelelo oluphambili lwesakhiwo.Kufuneka kwakhona bagqithise umthwalo kwijenereyitha yokugcina emva koko.Basebenza ngokuthintela ijenereyitha yogcino ekubeni ngumthombo wamandla ombane phambi kokuba ijenereyitha egciniweyo ivulelwe amandla exeshana.
Umzekelo omnye wenyathelo ngenyathelo lenkqubo enokuthi isetyenziswe yi-ATS yile:
(1) Xa amandla ombane ngexesha lesakhiwo ephuma, i-ATS iqalisa i-generator yokugcina.Oku kubangela ukuba i-generator ilungele ukubonelela ngamandla ombane endlwini.
(2) Xa i-generator ilungele ukwenza, i-ATS itshintsha amandla kaxakeka kumthwalo.
(3) I-ATS emva koko iyalele ijenereyitha ukuba ivale xa amandla asetyenziswayo ebuyisiwe.
Xa amandla esilela, utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo lokutshintsha luyalela ijenereyitha ukuba iqalise.Xa i-generator ilungele ukunika amandla, i-ATS itshintsha amandla angxamisekileyo kumthwalo.Nje ukuba amandla asetyenziswayo ebuyiselwe, i-ATS itshintshela kumandla asetyenziswayo kwaye iyalele ukuvalwa kwejenereyitha.
Ukuba indlu yakho ine-ATS elawula ijenereyitha yokugcina, i-ATS yayiza kuqalisa i-generator xa umbane uphelile.Ngoko ke ijenereyitha yokugcina izakuqala ukunika amandla.Iinjineli ngokuqhelekileyo ziyila izindlu kunye nokutshintshwa kokutshintsha ukuze i-generator ihlale izimeleyo kwinkqubo ehambisa amandla kwisakhiwo sonke.Oku kukhusela ijenereyitha ekulayisheni ngokugqithisileyo.Enye indlela yokukhusela esetyenziswa ziinjineli kukuba zifuna amaxesha “okuphola” ukuze zithintele ijenereyitha ekutshiseni ngokugqithisileyo.
Uyilo lwe-ATS ngamanye amaxesha luvumela ukucinywa komthwalo okanye ukutshintsha okuphambili kwezinye iisekethe.Oku kwenza ukuba umbane kunye namandla ajikeleze ngeendlela ezifanelekileyo okanye eziluncedo kwiimfuno zesakhiwo.Olu khetho lunokuza luncedo ekukhuseleni iijenereyitha, iibhodi zeesekethe zesilawuli semoto, kunye namanye amacandelo ukusuka ekushiseni kakhulu okanye ukugcwala ngombane.
Ukulayisha okuthambileyo kunokuba yindlela evumela ukuhanjiswa komthwalo ukusuka kwinto esetyenziswayo ukuya kwiijenereyitha ezilungelelanisiweyo ngokufanelekileyo ngakumbi, ezinokunciphisa ilahleko yombane ngexesha lokudluliselwa.

Utshintshelo oluzenzekelayo (ATS)
Iindibano zotshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo olune-voltage ephantsi zibonelela ngeendlela ezithembekileyo zokudlulisa imidibaniso yomthwalo obalulekileyo phakathi kwemithombo yamandla ombane esisiseko kunye nenye.Amaziko edatha, izibhedlele, iifektri, kunye noluhlu olulungileyo lwezinye iintlobo zamaziko afuna ixesha eliqhubekayo okanye elikufutshane-eliqhubekayo ngokuqhelekileyo asebenzisa umthombo kaxakeka (omnye) wamandla onjengejenereyitha okanye isondlo esiluncedo xa umthombo wabo wamandla oqhelekileyo (osisiseko) ungekho. .

Ufakelo lweGenereyitha oluzenzekelayo loTshintsho (ATS).
Izikhululo zombane zisebenzisa iziqhekeza zesekethe ezivaliweyo ezifana nezindlu kwiimfuno zabasebenzisi.Uphando okanye izixhobo ezibeka ukuzithemba kumandla aqhubekayo zisebenzisa iiSwitshi zokuTshintshela ngokuzenzekela kulungiselelo olongezelelweyo olunzima ukwanelisa iimfuno zabo ezizodwa.Inkqubo yokufakela i-generator switch automatic kufuneka isebenzise la malungiselelo ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zomntu ngamnye zemizi kunye nezakhiwo.
Iinjineli zombane zinokwenza olu yilo lwezixhobo ngokwazo kwaye zenze amagumbi olawulo ngeenjongo zabo ezahlukeneyo, njengasezibhedlele okanye kumaziko edatha.Ezi zikhanyiso zinokusetyenziswa nakwizibane ezingxamisekileyo ezikhomba abantu ukuba baphume xa kuyimfuneko, ukungena komoya okuyingozi ukukhupha imichiza eyityhefu emagumbini, kwanezilumkiso xa kubekwa iliso kwizixhobo zomlilo.
Indlela olu yilo lokutshintsha oluzenzekelayo lusebenza ngayo inokubandakanya ii-alam ezibonisa ukungabi namandla.Oku kuyalela utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo ukuqalisa iijenereyitha zogcino.Emva kokubona ukuba sele beqalile, iiseti zisasaza amandla kwisakhiwo sonke xa kuyilwa ufakelo lotshintshelo oluzenzekelayo lwejenereyitha.

Ukutshintshela ngokuzenzekela (ATS) kwiGenereyitha
Utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo olupheleleyo lujonga amandla ombane angenayo ukusuka kumgca wosetyenziso ubusuku nemini.
Xa amandla asetyenziswayo ephazamisekile, utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo ngoko nangoko luyawuva umcimbi kwaye lubonise umvelisi ukuba aqalise.
Emva kokuba i-generator isebenza ngesantya esifanelekileyo, utshintsho oluzenzekelayo luvala ngokukhuselekileyo umgca wokusetyenziswa kwaye kwangaxeshanye uvula umgca wamandla we-generator kwi-generator.
Ngemizuzwana nje, inkqubo yakho yejenereyitha iqalisa ukubonelela ngombane kwiisekethe ezingxamisekileyo zekhaya lakho okanye ishishini.Ukutshintshwa kokutshintshwa kuyaqhubeka nokujonga iimeko zomgca wokusetyenziswa.
Xa utshintshiselwano oluzenzekelayo luziva ukuba amandla ombane ombane abuyile kwindawo engatshintshiyo, aphinda atshintshe umthwalo wombane abuyele kumgca wosetyenziso kwaye aqalise kwakhona ukubeka iliso kwilahleko esebenzayo elandelayo.Ijenereyitha isaza kuqhuba ixesha lokupholisa injini kangangemizuzu emininzi ngelixa yonke inkqubo imile ilungele ukucima kombane okulandelayo.

(ZXM789) M.2021.206.C70062_00

I-Interlock vs i-Automatic Transfer switch
Ezi zixhobo zimbini zisebenza ngokufanayo.Nangona kunjalo, ukusebenza kwabo kwahlukile.Izicelo zabo nazo zahlukile.Ukutshintshela okuzenzekelayo ikakhulu kurhwebo kwaye kwezo zindlu zikhulu zineqhagamshelo elisetyenziswa kwizicelo zokuhlala kunye neendawo ezinomtshini wombane onganeno rhoqo.Udinga utshintsho oluzenzekelayo ukuba ukhetha ukuba nesixokelelwano esizisebenzelayo esifuna kungabikho lawulo.Ikwafanelekile kwizicelo zorhwebo okanye kwimizi mveliso ezifuna amandla aqhubekayo.Udinga esinye sezi zixhobo ekhayeni lakho ukuba unejenereyitha yamandla egcinayo.Kukwayinto efunekayo nakwesiphi na isakhiwo sorhwebo ukuba sibe namandla ogcino kunye neswitshi yokudlulisa.